Rose is a flowering plant with perennial growth and is woody in nature. There are 300 species with thousands of cultivars of rose. The rose is long and erect, and prickles contain a long stem as a flowering plant.
One of the wild species ‘Rosa indica’ is most likely a flower for the commercial rose farming business, especially in Pakistan. It is a favorite crop of entrepreneurs due to its long-term flowering potential.
If you’re looking for a commercial rose farming business, you’re at the right place. In this article, we will discuss the rose farming business plan in detail. This article will include the production technology of rose farming and its feasibility report. In the end, we’ll conclude the commercial rose farming business.
Rose farming business plan
As stated, the commercial rose farming business is gaining popularity day by day. Long-time flowering potential, feasible cost of production, and profitable & timely outcome of rose are the main reasons for its popularity among farmers. Progressive growers are selling roses in different forms like cut flowers, flowers, petals, etc.
Flowers and petals are popular market items, but not cut flowers. Because hybrid roses are in high demand because of their longer vase life for export. A detailed plan for commercial rose farming is down below.
Planting of roses
For planning the rose farming business, two options are available for the farmers which are planting roses through cuttings or nursery plants. Farmers prefer to buy plants from nurseries. Although it depends on the plant-to-plant distance, 6000-8000 plants per acre are in common use.
Rose plantation favors all year in a subtropical environment. Planting it in the early spring will benefit you as a rose farmer. In the case of cuttings, place them in November under wet soil for callusing. Transfer cuttings to the field after twenty days.
Nursery plants will begin to flower two months after being planted in the field, whereas cuttings will take longer. Plants propagated from cuttings will take two months to fully mature vegetatively, followed by another two months for flowering.
It is critical to understand that farmers use cuttings when they don’t have enough money to purchase nursery plants. A nursery plant, on the other hand, is a quick way to plant for a commercial rose farming business.
Fertilizers and Irrigations
A successful commercial rose farming business requires good pre-schedule nutrient fertilization. Before one month of land preparation, you must apply well-rotted farmyard manure to make the soil nutrient-rich. FYM degrades over time and becomes available to the plant in this manner.
In general, the recommended dose is 4-5 kg/plant or 4-5 tons/acre. Young seedlings require special attention after planting. That’s why you need to take care of fertilizer and irrigation management.
Potassium is essential for rose plants because it facilitates root development. Use fertilizer with a 2:2:4 NPK ratio, such as DAP, NP, ammonium sulfate, and SOP. When the rose flowering flush ends, it requires a lot of energy in the form of fertilizers. Therefore, apply fertilizer after each flush. Typically, the first flowering occurs three months after planting.
As a fertilizer requirement, irrigation is critical for a successful rose farming business plan. Climate, season, variety, and other minor factors all influence irrigation frequency and interval. In general, apply twice-weekly irrigation in the summer, and once-a-fortnight irrigation in the winter.
Being proactive and anticipatory is a good strategy for forward-thinking farmers and gardeners. Gardeners should understand each stage of rose farming and implement plant protection measures on time. You can attain a good rose farming business plan by exercising supervision and control over various stages. The following are some plant care tips for rose farming.
- Weeds: may become competitors after rose planting. As a result, you must remove them until rose plants take over the field. Apply 2,4-D for broad-leaved weeds that get in the way. Otherwise, deal with the situation as it arises, su ch as narrow-leaved weeds being the most irritable and difficult to remove.
- The rose plant goes through critical stages after transplanting (I’m talking about nursery plants). The plant progresses from the vegetative to the flowering stages. As a result, irrigation is critical for the plant at this stage. Certainly, observe soil compaction and hoe as needed. This intercultural operation will aid in water drainage and prevent “Wet Foot.”
- Pests: Aphids are seasonal pests that appear in January and February. Young and adult aphids attack leaves and flowering buds. The red scale that appears in the summer attacks the branches and turns them reddish-brown. Please keep an eye on the situation and use the insecticides recommended by experts.
- Diseases: After pruning, dieback disease may appear. Wounded shoots begin to discolor and die from the top down. That’s why I apply a paste of Bordeaux mixture immediately after pruning. Other diseases, such as powdery mildew, may appear when the days become hotter and the nights become cooler. Remove the dead, diseased shoots and bury them far away in all of these conditions.
The first 2-3 months are critical to controlling insects and pests. Various pesticides and insecticides on the market are available for this purpose. Once a month, spray for insects and pests is necessary. Three hoeings per year are mandatory.
Rose plants’ leaves and flowers grow rapidly as they mature. As a result, its shape and height are necessary to maintain. Training refers to the maintenance of shape, whereas pruning refers to the removal of unnecessary twigs and shoots. This aids in plant rejuvenation and proper plant shape. Consider the following points before pruning.
- Get rid of any dead, diseased, or damaged shoots.
- Remove any shoots that are growing towards the center.
- Make sure to cut the shoots at a 45-degree angle.
- Remember to apply the Bordeaux paste to the pruned shoots.
As previously stated, the wild species ‘Rosa indica’ is ideal for commercial rose farming. It begins to bloom three months after planting. Because it is a wild species, the strong prickles make flower picking difficult. Pick up flowers early in the morning or in the evening.
Before starting a commercial rose farming business, progressive farmers estimate the cost of production. A good rose farming plan includes all of the details, and the feasibility report plays an important role. The following are the specifics of the feasibility report.
- When you’ve decided on a specific location and site, it’s time to figure out how many plants per acre you’ll need. On average, 6500-8000 plants per acre with a cost of 12-20 rupees per plant.
- In general, more than one lakh rupees is spent on total plants from nursery, installment, labor, and transportation.
- Then there are the other costs, such as irrigation and fertilizers, which could total 50,000 rupees for a one-year plan.
- Flowering yield is different in different seasons and climates. Flowering yields, for example, remain between 8 and 10 kg per acre during the normal season but can reach up to 40 kg per acre or even more during the spring season.
- Similarly, rates per kg will vary depending on the season. Normally, 100-150 rupees/kg in the spring season and 80-100 rupees/kg in the rest of the year.
All of the costs listed above are estimates and may vary depending on location. However, you can now estimate its feasibility report and create a good rose farming business plan.
Before beginning rose flower farming, the grower should first confirm market availability in the area, followed by rates for the local market. Instead of our local market issues, growers make contracts with national vendors for medicine companies. Then this business would be secure.
To begin, start the business on 2 Kanal for the sake of market availability, rates, and routine. Mostly, farmers get plants from nurseries, which is preferable for those with a large budget; however, planting cuttings is also an option.
For sustainability, the first 2-month crop requires special attention in terms of fertilizers, irrigation, and pesticides. Rose farming is a year-round business with a 5-year average life, and the first two months require an investment of 1-1.5 lakh.