It is very important that fruit and vegetable storage post-harvest life should be considered very well. The post-harvest handling of different vegetables is different. If we talk about its nature and perishability then vegetables have a longer shelf life than fruits. There are different kinds of vegetables like leafy vegetables, where the important product is leaves, like other vegetables like roots vegetable tubers, cucurbits, etc. In this article, I would like to discuss post-harvest management, especially the storage ability of different vegetables so let’s stay with me. let’s start with some frequently asked questions,
There are the following outlines under which the whole article will be discussed,
- Tips about storing common vegetables
- Tips about storing fruits
- Vegetables and fruit packing material
- Frequently asked questions (optional)
Fruits and vegetables storage
A refrigerator is a common tool that is used to store perishable commodities like fruits and vegetables in our homes. Commercially, there are different storage mechanisms used to keep the commodities for a longer period of time like cold storage is used to store the fresh horticultural commodities like potatoes, apples are stored at 2 degrees Celsius and its life is enhanced from 3 to 4 months. Similarly, there are different vegetables stored according to their recommendation in the cold storage. There is another category of cold storage called CA storage where not only humidity and temperature are controlled but also carbon dioxide and oxygen proportions can be handled but this is used at a higher level of preservation for export and import purposes.
Note: Generally, vegetables are available only in their proper season in local markets but whenever we visit a Shopping Mart where multiple markets are also available there we can see the off-season fruits and vegetables. These fruits and vegetables came from cold storage.
Tips about storing vegetables
How to store carrots
If you’re looking for a quick and easy way to keep your carrots fresh, you can store them in an airtight container in your fridge for up to a week. The key is to make sure that the carrots are completely dry before storing them. This will create ensuring that commodities will be fresh for a longer period of time.
Point to ponder: Carrot is a root vegetable and its normal season is winter. The root vegetables like radish, carrot, and turnips are stored after cutting into pieces and then exposed to the sunlight for drying purposes and these pieces are used to store in a ventilated and cool environment. This method is generally used by desi people but if someone is willing to store root vegetables like a carrot as raw material then only cold storage is an option. Cold storage gives you the guarantee to store your carrots for 3-4 months and otherwise, you feel you are going to ask why someone would cut the root vegetables into pieces and then going to drive this and as I have mentioned earlier that test method is used by the desi people. These dried pieces can be used for pickling and for making curries.
How long do carrots last in the fridge
The shelf life of carrots depends on several factors, including the type of carrot, how it was harvested, and how long it has been sitting on the shelf. In general, carrots that have been stored for a long period of time will have a longer shelf-life than those that were picked within a few days of harvest. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, if you buy carrots from a store that has a good reputation for quality, you may be able to get away with storing your carrots for up to a year.
What is the best way to store cucumbers?
Cucumbers should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. They should not be kept in the refrigerator, and they should never be frozen. If they are frozen, they will not ripen properly and will become mushy. Store them in an airtight container, such as a glass jar or a plastic bag with a tight-fitting lid. Do not store in plastic bags, as they can become moldy and may not hold up to long periods of storage. Cucumbers can be refrigerated for a few days, but it is best to refrigerate them for at least a week.
Cucumber storage is really important because cucumber belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. For storage purposes, there is a simple Thumb Rule that where you are going to store them whether you are storing them in the kitchen at room temperature or in the refrigerator but please keep in mind that you put your cucumber where humidity should not be present. At room temperature cucumber will survive less than a refrigerator.
Point to ponder: Store in the room when the temperature in the surrounding is between 15-20 degrees celsius but if the surrounding temperature in the room is higher than that then you need to store it in the refrigerator. Another important aspect related to cucumber storage is that you do not put your cucumber near anything that produces more natural ethylene.
What is the best way of storing celery?
Celery should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. It is best to store it in an airtight container with a tight-fitting lid. If you do not have a container that fits this requirement, you can use a plastic bag or a paper bag that has been cut to the size of the container. You can also use paper towels to cover the top of your container to keep it from getting too hot or too cold.
Point to ponder: Leafy vegetables are more perishable than any other kind of vegetables where their edible portion is leaf and it survives for very few days like celery and lettuce. so it is suggested that and recommended use it as soon as possible otherwise you are determined to store it for a week then it is necessary e at put your leafy vegetable wrap up in a Polythene and then store in Your refrigerator and be careful because it is important that even single drop water can ruin your leafy vegetables.
What is the best way of storing green onions?
Green onions should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. If they are kept at room temperature, they will turn brown and lose their green color. Store them in an airtight container.
Point to ponder: Onion is one of the most preserved vegetables that can be stored for a longer period of time. It can be stored for 4 to 6 months. When a plant is near to harvesting it sheds its leaves and starts driving from the upper portion after harvesting onions are shifted towards the shady places to remove the field heat. The removal of field heat is very important after that onions can be stored for a longer period of time. It is suggested that you put your onions in a cool and ventilated room. Air passage and ventilation should be encouraged so that onion could dry as early as possible.
What is the best way of storing asparagus?
There are a number of different ways you can store the leaves. The most common way is to wrap them in plastic wrap and store them in a cool, dry place. You can also place them directly in the fridge or freezer to keep them fresh for longer periods of time. If you want to store them longer than a few days, you will need to use a food dehydrator to dehydrate them.
What is the best way of storing eggplant?
Eggplant is best stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. It should not be kept in the refrigerator, and it should never be left out for more than a few hours. Eggplant can be stored at room temperature for up to two weeks, but it’s best to store it in an airtight container, such as a glass jar, for at least a month. If you’re not sure how long you can store eggplants, check with your local health department or the USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service.
What is the best way to store the bell pepper?
Bell pepper is also known as sweet paper and it belongs to the family Solanaceae. Its edible portion is fruit. This vegetable belongs to the category of fruit vegetables where other members are tomatoes, Chillies, brinjal, etc. Fruit vegetables (meaning to say an edible portion) are more perishable horticultural commodities and very sensitive to the external environment with a very small shelf life. There is no specific practice done because it is a very stable commodity and used for fresh confectionery purposes.
What is the best way to store cabbage?
There is a category of vegetables called cole vegetables. In this category, there are different vegetables with the same cultural and agronomic practices. Most of the time people use it fresh but really used to store. There is no specific practice used for the storage purpose of cabbage. Just like root vegetables, cabbage and cauliflower can be used for pickling, and these vegetables are cut down and dried under the sunlight and then boiled in water and stored for a longer period of time.
Tips about storing fruits
Fruit and vegetable storage rack.
Preheat the oven to 350°F. In an enormous bowl, whisk together the flour, baking pop, salt, and cinnamon. Add the eggs, each, in turn, beating great after every option. Race in the harsh cream and vanilla. Empty the wet fixings into the dry fixings and mix until recently joined. Fold in 1/2 cup of the chocolate chips. Spread the commodities equitably on the pre-arranged sheet and heat for 20-25 minutes, or until a toothpick embedded in the middle tells the truth. Let cool for 10 minutes prior to eliminating from the dish and cutting into squares.
What are the tips in storing fruits to keep them in good condition?
1. Store organic products in a cool, dry spot, away from direct daylight and direct hotness. Do not store fruit in the refrigerator or freezer. Fruit should be stored at room temperature, between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (15 and 20 degrees Celsius) for best quality and flavor. If you are storing fruit for a long period of time, it may be necessary to refrigerate it for up to two weeks.
The best way to store fruits is to wrap them tightly in plastic wrap and place them in an airtight container. This will prevent the fruit from drying out and will also keep the fruits from getting moldy. You can also place the wrapped fruit into a plastic bag and store it in your refrigerator.
2. Keep fruits refrigerated at all times, especially during the summer months when temperatures can reach 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) and humidity can be as high as 90 percent. When fruits are stored in their natural state, they should not be exposed to heat or moisture for more than a few hours at a time.
Fruit and vegetable storage baskets
This is also known as packaging for fruits and vegetables. Well, packaging material depends upon some important factors like the packaging for local markets, packaging for dropshipping, or packaging for import and export purposes. There are different packaging materials are used which are the followings,
- Cardboard Boxes
- Perforated Boxes
- Wooden boxes
- Clothy bags
Cardboard boxes and perforated Boxes are used for fruits that are determined to transfer into distant markets. The perforated boxes special packaging material which contains the perforation which manipulates the exchange of gases inside the container or boxes. Wooden boxes are used for the packing of fruits that are delivered to the local market. Other clothy bags are used for packing vegetables which are available in abundance.
Frequently asked questions
Note: this is an optional area you can skip as for convenience but if you are gardening lover then may continue!
What is the best way to store fresh vegetables?
Well, it depends upon you whether there is any kind of temperature in your surroundings. Generally, in winter most of the fruits and vegetables can be stored at room temperature but if there is a higher ambient temperature in your room then it is the final option for you to store your vegetables in the refrigerator.
Which vegetables should not be refrigerated?
Well, there is no specific list to describe it but there is a simple rule to keep those vegetables and fruits in a separate environment which are higher in ethylene production. Leafy vegetables produce more ethylene than others similarly to fruits apples and bananas should be kept in a separate corner.
How do you store vegetables long term?
If you want to preserve vegetables for a longer period of time then it is necessary to dehydrate the vegetables at a specific level. There are several practices used to store them for a longer period of time like potatoes, garlic, and onions can be stored at room temperature where ventilation is normal. Sometimes, a few vegetables dehydrate by boiling them in water and then cutting them into pieces and placing them in a ventilated environment with some soft wrapping.
Do carrots have to be refrigerated?
Yes, it is possible, But keep in mind to place it in a separate corner with some wrapping.
What fruit lasts longest?
Dates have the longest capacity to store it. Dates can be stored for a month inside the refrigerator but due to the higher level of humidity, it starts to deteriorate but in cold storage, with controlled humidity and a temperature it can be stored for 6 months.
Should vegetables be refrigerated?
Yes, vegetables can be stored in a refrigerator. The portion of the refrigerator is built up for storage purposes where the temperature remains between 0 to 4 degrees celsius. But, there are some precautions that should be applied while keeping the vegetables in the form of layers and highly produced ethylene gas commodities should be in a separate corner.
How do you keep vegetables fresh longer without a refrigerator?
There is a common phenomenon used by the horticulturists that a horticultural commodity whether it is fruit or vegetable is actually a living thing. It is well understood that fruits and vegetables as a living thing start the metabolism and until their senescence. The metabolism runs faster when the surrounding temperature is higher and slower in low temperatures. This is a principal functionality of any fruit and vegetable’s shelf life. In winter, vegetables stay longer in their shelf life because the temperature in the surrounding area gets lower down.